Along the West-Scandinavian coast agrarian settlements are found along fjords and in valleys which are separated from each other and from the lands to the east by high mountains. Thus, seafaring was the main communication mode from the Stone Age onwards. Unlike the coasts of
The naming of the kingdom reflects how it was created. The reason that
A few sites along the coast are better suited for control of the sailing routes than others – Avaldsnes at Karmøy near the town of Haugesund being one of them. Although the climate is rougher and the land less fertile than along the fjords, many of these sites have prominent archaeological monuments from the first millennium AD, some even from the Bronze Age. This long history of seafaring being the main transport mode and naval warfare being a necessary skill for political dominance makes out a backdrop for the Viking incursions in Britain, Ireland and the Continent c. 790–1050.
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Svennung J. Jordanes und