The Earliest States of Eastern Europe
DG-2012, 362-380

Персидский залив на периферии эллинистического мира

N. A. Makkaveev

The Persian Gulf Region is characterized by its relative isolation
from inland territories; this factor determined the economical and
cultural unity of the Region and at the same time hindered the efforts of
direct political control over it. Because of diffi cult ecological conditions,
the Seleucids, as well as the Achæmenids, confi ned their presence there
to establishing garrisons in strategic points to control the trade routes.
About eight Seleucid settlements in total are known in the Region, but
most of them can’t be localized now. In spite of being involved into
sphere of Hellenistic infl uence, which is especially clear into ceramics
and money circulation, the Region did never become an organic part of
the Hellenistic World.

Persian Gulf Region, Hellenistic World, Arabia, the Seleucids, the Achaemenids, Gerrha, Busher, Failaka

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