The Earliest States of Eastern Europe
DG-2021, 458-463

Another Arabic Parallel to the Tale of the Bygone Years: Legend of Poet Ufnūn al-Taghlibī’s Death and the Old Russian Chronicle Account of Oleg the Clairvoyant’s Decease

D. E. Mishin

The theme of inevitable, sooth-determined death was large-spread in the Antiquity and Middle Ages and appears, in particular, in the Russian legend of Prince Oleg the Clairvoyant. In the Arabic culture that theme occurs in the stories of merchant Ṣuraym Ibn Maʻshar who lived in the pre-Islamic times and was nicknamed Ufnūn. The latter is said to have heard a prophecy stating that he was doomed to die at a certain place, and to have died there despite all his attempts to avoid death. So, long before the legend of Oleg the Clairvoyant the said theme circulated in the Middle East where the Rus travelled afterwards.

Keywords:
Ufnūn, Banū Taghlib, Oleg the Clairvoyant
References

 

Неклюдов С.Ю. Легенда o Вещем Олеге: опыт исторической реконструкции // Con amore. Историко-филологический сборник в честь Л.Н. Киселевой. М., 2010. С. 366–395. URL: http://www.ruthenia.ru/folklore/neckludov53.htm [Neklyudov S.Yu. Legenda o Veshchem Olege: opyt istoricheskoj rekonstrukcii (The Legend of Prince Oleg’s Death: an Experience of Historical Reconstruction) // Con amore. Istoriko-filologicheskij sbornik v chest’ L.N. Kiselevoj. Moscow, 2010. S. 366–395.]

Повесть временных лет. М.; Л., 1950. Ч. 1. [Povest’ vremennyh let (History of the Bygone Years). Moscow; Leningrad, 1950. Pt. 1.]

Тиандер К. Поездки скандинавов в Белое Море. СПб., 1906. [Tiander K. Poezdki skandinavov v Beloe More (Scandinavians’ Travels to the White Sea). St.-Petersburg, 1906.]

Kitâb al-masâlik wa’l-mamâlik (Liber viarum et regionum) auctore ... Ibn Khordâdhbeh et excerpta e Kitâb al-kharâdj auctore Kodâma ibn Djaʻfar / Ed. by M.J. de Goeje. Lugduni Batavorum, 1889.

The Mufaḍḍalīyāt. An Anthology of Ancient Arabian Odes Compiled by al-Mufaḍḍal Son of Muammad / Ed. by Ch. J. Lyall. Oxford, 1921. Vol1.

Viae regnorum. Descriptio ditionis moslemicae auctore Abu Ishák al-Fárisí al-Istakhrí / Ed. by M.J. de Goeje. Lugduni Batavorum, 1927.

al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh li ... Ibn al-Athīr [الكامل في التاريخ لابن الأثير. بيروت, ١٩٨٧ (Perfect Presentation of History by ... Ibn al-Athīr)]. Beirut, 1987. Vol. 1.

Kitāb al-aghānī li ... Abī al-Faradj al-Iṣfahānī [كتاب الأغاني لابي الفرج الأصفهاني القاهرۃ, ١٩٠٥. (Book of Songs by Abī al-Faradj al-Iṣfahānī)]. Cairo, 1905. Pt. 9.

Kitāb al-ayawān. Taʼlīf Abī ʻUthmān ... al-Djāḥiẓ [كتاب الحيوان. تاليف...ابي عثمان الجاحظ . القاهرۃ, ١٩٦٥ (Book of Animals by Abū ʻUthmān al-Djāḥiẓ)]. Cairo, 1965. Pt. 3.

Muʻdjam al-buldān li ... Yāūt [معجم البلدان لياقوت. بيروت, ١٩٧٧ (Reference-Book on Regions and Settlements by ... Yāḳūt)]. Beirut, 1977.

Muʻdjam mā istaʻdjam min asmāʼ al-bilād wa al-mawāḍiʻtaʼlīf al-Bakrī [معجم ما استعجم من اسمأ البلاد والمواضع. تأليف... البكري. . بيروت, ١٩٨٣ (Reference-Book on Unclear Names of Regions, Settlements, and Places)] / Ed. by Mal-Saḳḳā. Beirut, 1983.

al-Muʼtalif wa-al-mukhtalif li al-Āmidī [المؤتلف والمختلف الامدي. القاهرۃ, ١٩٦١. (The Agreed Upon and the Disputed by almidī)] / Ed. by ʻA.AFarādj. Cairo, 1961.

Sim al-laʼālī ... li ... Abī ʻUbayd al-Bakrī [السمط اللالي لابي عبيد البكري. القاهرۃ, ١٩٣٦ (A Necklace of Pearls by ... Abū ʻUbayd al-Bakrī) / Ed. by ʻA. al-Maymanī. Cairo, 1936.

Khizānat al-adab wa lubb lubāb lisān al-ʻarab. Taʼlīf ʻAbd al-Ḳādir ... al-Baghdādī [خزانة الادب ولب لباب لسان العرب. تأليف عبد القادر... البغدادي. . القاهرۃ, ١٩٨٣. (Treasury of Culture and the Very Marrow of the Arabic Language by ʻAbd al-Ḳādir ... al-Baghdādī) / Ed. by ʻA.M. Hārūn. Cairo, 1983. Pt. 11.

al-Shiʻr wa al-shuʻarāʼ li Ibn utayba [لشعر والشعراء لابن قتيبة. القاهرۃ,١٩٨٢ ] (Poetry and Poets by Ibn utayba) / Ed. by A.M. Shākir. Cairo, 1982.